Compliance Standards: Hydraulic Elevators

These compliance standards lists are used by Technical Standards and Safety Authority (TSSA) inspectors during periodic inspections of hydraulic elevators.

Compliance standards are lists of high-risk non-compliances that pose a significant risk to safety. Any high-risk non-compliances should be immediately addressed upon occurrence.

These compliance standards lists for hydraulic elevators are used by Technical Standards and Safety Authority (TSSA) inspectors during periodic inspections. 

If a non-compliance is found, a device may be shut down or an order issued to resolve the non-compliance within 14 days. Other non-compliances that do not pose the same level of risk should be addressed in accordance with the timeline documented in the inspector's report.

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Responsibilities of elevator owners, contractors and mechanics

Elevator owners, contractors and mechanics are responsible for full compliance of elevators in accordance with:

Incident reporting

Important reminders

Device removed from service

  • The mechanic shall ensure that the elevator is not returned to service in an unsafe condition.

Maintenance Control Program (MCP)

  • The contractor / certificate holder must complete the Maintenance Control Program (MCP) at the required intervals to ensure the device is in compliance. The MCP shall contain all the Original Equipment Manufacturer's (OEM) manuals and bulletins.

Compliance standards/High-risk items for hydraulic elevators

The components listed below are high-risk items that must be inspected regularly to ensure public safety. During periodic inspections, TSSA inspectors will be checking these items and orders will be issued for non-compliance.

Note: In some circumstances, orders may be issued where high-risk safety hazards are discovered which are not identified in this standard.

 SHUT DOWN – If an item is deficient and an order is issued for immediate compliance (0 days for the compliance time):

  • Remove the device from service, and

  • Repair before putting it back into service.

A repair can be done immediately during the maintenance unless it is a reportable incident according to the Incident Reporting Guidelines. Even if it is a reportable incident, a TSSA Supervisor or Investigator can authorize an immediate repair.

 REPAIR / REPLACE – If the item is deficient and an order is issued for compliance within a 14-day time period:

  • Fix as required.

General requirements

IssueCompliance Order
The owner / contractor shall ensure that any alteration to the elevator is completed by a registered contractor. REPAIR / REPLACE 
No person shall act as a contractor unless registered or undertake any work outside of the scope of their registration. SHUT DOWN 

No person shall undertake any work on an elevating device unless that person is employed by a contractor and
 is either a mechanic or a mechanic-in-training working under the supervision of a mechanic.

No person shall construct, install, alter, repair, maintain, test, operate or use an elevating device or part thereof, 
except in accordance with this regulation, the code adoption document, and any applicable Director's Orders.
No person shall operate an elevating device or cause or permit it to be operated if it is in an unsafe condition. SHUT DOWN 
If a device is ordered removed from service by TSSA, it shall not be returned to service unless allowed by a TSSA inspector. SHUT DOWN 
If a seal is affixed to the disconnect, it shall not be removed unless allowed by the inspector who applied it. In some cases, the inspector's supervisor may allow its removal. SHUT DOWN 


IssueCompliance Order
If the Director is not notified within 10 days of a licence information change. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If the licence has expired.  REPAIR / REPLACE 
 If the Maintenance Control Program (MCP) logbook is not on site, readily available or being maintained with up-to-date data. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If keys to access the machine room / control room are not kept on site. SHUT DOWN  or 
(Depending on circumstances)
If the means to access the machine room / control room is damaged (walkway or other SHUT DOWN  or 
(Depending on circumstances)
If the roof access is not properly hinged and / or counterbalanced. SHUT DOWN  or 
(Depending on circumstances)
If the roof access ladder is not secure. SHUT DOWN  or 
(Depending on circumstances)
If there is no means to safely enter the elevator pit. For example, if there is no non-combustible ladder. SHUT DOWN  or 
(Depending on circumstances)

Maintenance Control Program (MCP)

IssueCompliance Order
If the logbook onsite is not specific to the device or logbook entries included are not applicable for components that require action. REPAIR / REPLACE 

Oil Loss monitoring program

IssueCompliance Order

If no reason is provided for why oil was added or removed from the system.

If oil loss monitoring is not being checked and recorded at each maintenance visit. REPAIR / REPLACE 

Machine Room / Control Room (MCP Requirement

IssueCompliance Order
If the machine room floor contains water, dirt, rubbish, oil, grease, and / or other flammable liquids. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If articles are being stored that are not for maintenance of the device. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If the access door is not self-closing and self-locking. REPAIR / REPLACE 

If the machine room / control room or the hoistway is being used as a storage area.

If the main disconnect, drive machine or governor are not numbered properly. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If a minimum of one metre of clearance is not present around all electrical equipment that has replaceable parts. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If the stairway is damaged or not safe and convenient. REPAIR / REPLACE 

Hydraulic system

IssueCompliance Order
If oil is missing in the system that cannot be accounted for. SHUT DOWN 
If a low-pressure switch has not been added to the inverted cylinder as per Director's Order 160/2001. REPAIR / REPLACE 


IssueCompliance Order
If contacts are worn on relays. 


IssueCompliance Order
If overspeed switch is not operative. REPAIR / REPLACE 

Doors / Gates

IssueCompliance Order
If normal or reduced door closing time is shorter than what is indicated on door data tag. SHUT DOWN 
If Cat 1 test is not completed in accordance with requirement – Means to Restrict Hoistway / Car Door Opening. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If door clutch is striking landing door pick up rollers and stopping car in flight. SHUT DOWN 
If door clutch is striking landing door pick up rollers and not stopping car in flight. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If the distance between the car door and the landing door exceeds 140 mm (horizontal sliding doors). REPAIR / REPLACE 

Car door

IssueCompliance Order
If door reopening device is not operative. SHUT DOWN  or 
(Depending on circumstances)
If the door safety edge is operating intermittently. SHUT DOWN 
If the door restrictor is not operative. SHUT DOWN 

Top of car

IssueCompliance Order
If top of car inspection station is not provided as per Director's Order 173/02. REPAIR / REPLACE 


IssueCompliance Order

If any hoistway access switches are not operative.


If levelling accuracy is not being maintained.

If car levelling is not substantially level at all floors. REPAIR / REPLACE 


IssueCompliance Order

If pit access ladder is not secure.

(Depending on circumstances)
If pit access key is not Group 1 security. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If pit access door electric contact is not operative. SHUT DOWN 
If the car safeties are not operative.  REPAIR / REPLACE 

Inside of car

IssueCompliance Order
If emergency systems (alarm, lighting, communication, ventilation) have not been maintained as per requirement REPAIR / REPLACE 
If in-car alarm and communications are not operative. REPAIR / REPLACE 
If a hole exists in the car station that could led to accidental contact. REPAIR / REPLACE